The Impact

Higher Employment. Studies have shown that the CLUBHOUSE model of vocational rehabilitation produces higher rates of employment, longer job tenure, and higher earnings than any other programs offered for people with mental illnesses. Source: Macias, Kinney and Rodican (1995)

Reduced Hospitalization. CLUBHOUSE members has been linked to a reduced number of hospitalizations. In one study, the number of hospitalizations of members was reduced by one third and the average number of hospital days was reduced by 70%. Source: De Masso, Avi-Itzak and Obler (2001)

Reduced Incarcerations. Another study found that involement in the criminal justice system diminished substantially during and after CLUBHOUSE membership. Source: Johnson and Hickey (1999)

Improved Wellness. In an evaluation of a structured exercise program at a CI accredited CLUBHOUSE, members were found to have had significant improvements in aerobic and mental health and perceived improvements in their physical and social functioning. Source: Leff and Colleagues (2004)

Reduced Costs of Services. CLUBHOUSES have been found to cost less than other models of service delivery; one-third the cost of the Individual Placement Services (IPS) model, about half the annual cost of community mental health centers, and substantially less than the Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) model. Source: Macias, C., Rodican, C.F., Hargreaves, W.A. Jones, D.R., Barreira, P.J., & Wang Q. (2006)